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Upgrading a project

'Sensible Medication' modafinil Could Well Not Force You to brainier

"wise medication'will aid in improving creative problemsolving'," may be your headline at The Daily Telegraph.

The press accounts are prompted with way of a brand fresh review about the ramifications of modafinil -- a medication certified to take care of narcolepsy. Modafinil's promise to fame is the fact it's been touted as being a socalled"sensible drug" that helps brain operation, also so it's now allegedly remarkably popular with school pupils.

Researchers also gave perhaps even a placebo or modafinil to 6 4 volunteers and also requested them to finish an speech evaluation that was spoken. In contrast to this Telegraph's headline, the men and women who obtained modafinil experienced slowed reactions, also so were not any longer precise compared to the placebo (this assert sounds predicated on an earlier demo by a few of those investigators ).

The precise manner modafinil boosts"wakefulness" is maybe perhaps not fully known. The evaluation is but 1 step of cognitive functioning, also modafinil can reveal developments within the operation of evaluations.

Modafinil can be really actually just a medication that's licensed for the treatment of narcolepsy. The medication is perhaps not with no sideeffects , also it has been connected to a possibility of acute unwanted side consequences, like psychiatric issues and skin responses.

Medication regulators imply that the risks are simply outweighed by modafinil's huge advantages . Simply as you may find it on line does not signify that you have to.

Wherever did the story come out of? It came out in ModaVNExpress cung cấp Modafinil.

The Research had been completed by investigators in the College of Cambridgeat the College of Towson and also Nottingham College. The Wellcome Trust financed This.

The research was first published inside the peerreviewed journal PLOS one particular. This diary is open-access , that means its contents are read at no cost.

Regardless of clarifying the existing analysis, a lot of their press's coverage did actually concentrate about the consequences of some report with a few of those investigators released ago September 2014, most likely since the media release of this particular analysis cited the outcome of the preceding analyze . The name of the media launch was "'wise' prescription medications wont create intelligent people brighter". To view exactly how much an email could be deciphered from the press, assess this on this Telegraph's headline ,"wise medication'will aid in improving creative problemsolving'''. The' Times' headline has been set on.

What sort of exploration has been that?
This has been a randomised controlled demo that directed to figure out the repercussions of modafinil (a certified remedy for narcolepsy) around the operation of nutritious folks who are in the Hayling Sentence Completion Test. The Hayling check calls for providing perhaps even a sentence or the sentence unrelated for this sentence and also hearing phrases with a sentence.

Narcolepsy is an uncommon sleep problem at which there's disruption of this cycle that is typical and also people experience with excess daytime sleepiness. The research workers conducted this experimentation as it's been indicated that modafinil could improve activity functionality, even though controlling -- a happening which continues to be known as"delay-dependent cognitive augmentation". Modafinil is allegedly utilized medicinally (out its authorized sign ) by several nutritious men and women, especially college pupils, like a"smart drug" to decide to take to to boost cognitive operation. 1 student site's poll quotes that 20 percent of college pupils could have obtained modafinil of buying it most along with on line carrying it.

A randomised controlled test could be the perfect approach.

Exactly what exactly did the investigation demand?

The research workers randomised 6 4 folks to choose perhaps even a placebo, or even a single dose of modafinil.

The investigators analyzed their operation 2 hours later individuals were awarded modafinil or placebo.

Effect of modafinil: http://bundanoon.weebly.com/cong-dung-cu...la-gi.html

Even the Hayling evaluation contained 30 sentences, the sentence, that were assembled to reevaluate exactly what the sentence ought to really be being missed by each.

From the very first part, people so were requested to offer, as fast as you can which correctly and were requested to be controlled by paragraphs and accomplished the sentence.

Members were requested to accomplish sentences, so as speedily as achievable, together with words.

Both response times and answers are listed, and also the operation randomised to placebo.

Which exactly were the outcomes that are essential?
Individuals who shot modafinil took to offer a note.

There clearly is not any gap in the range of mistakes created in the evaluation between those who acquired individuals and modafinil received placebo, so revealing that precision failed to boost.

Exactly how were the consequences interpreted by the investigators?
The investigators reasoned in this analysis,"members handled modafinil took somewhat more time to execute the Hayling Sentence Completion examination across action segments than placebo-treated participants, so without even revealing any advancement with respect to glitches regarding the duty".


Modafinil has been documented to function as usually used out its authorized indicator (therapy of narcolepsy) to boost cognitive functioning. This research has throw doubt up on those outcomes that were presumed. While using no impact regarding the validity of operation Inside this RCT, answers slowed.

The manner modafinil boosts wakefulness isn't fully known. Even the Hayling Sentence Completion check is a single step of cognitive functioning, also it can be the modafinil has various impacts on the operation of evaluations. Modafinil has turned into ways avoid diversion and to help concentration. As a student internet site set it"it is really a significant raise to idle folks to induce on their own to function".

However modafinil can be an drug that's licensed for the treating narcolepsy. The medication isn't without negative effects; it's been connected to lessening the efficacy of hormonal imbalances, in addition to a possibility of acute outcomes, for example skin responses and psychiatric problems.

This analysis includes evaluated that the utilization with this medication. Safety effects have not been viewed by the research, also we usually do not understand exactly what impacts there may possibly be to individuals carrying this medication solely.

The European Medicines Agency has reasoned that some great benefits of modafinil-containing drugs are still reevaluate the pitfalls just for your procedure of narcolepsy. This prescription medication may not be advocated for almost just about any usage. For this reason, it could really be unwise to get modafinil (or very comparable services and products ) on line with no prescription from your own physician.

Yes it would because of security issues.
What did you Try? What did you Get? What did you Expect?

Joined CodeIgniter Community 2009.  ( Skype: insitfx )

I would require the author to update the application for you or request a refund.

I have already baught some code from Evanto updates dont always follow as expected.
Note also that not all evanto code is out of box ready to go you will surly need to make some modifications to exsisting projet.
so I would go with upgrading myself (good way to learn).
doesn't cost anything but time to try and arror Smile.

Lets hope that the authors have respected CI coding standards and they have not used other extentions like HMVC or some sort of auth plugin etc..

Have a look here for here for the different upgrades of CI,  15 in all between 3.0.0 to 3.1.8
some only require a system replace.

others need some small modifications.

See list below

info found here.

The modifications

Step 1: Update your CodeIgniter files  for all updates 3.0.0 to 3.1.18
Replace all files and directories in your system/ directory.

below are the other changes needed to be made for each upgrade that includes more than step 1 instructions.

Upgrading from 3.0.0 to 3.0.1

Step 2: Update your CLI error templates
Replace all files under your application/views/errors/cli/ directory.

Upgrading from 3.0.1 to 3.0.2

Step 2: Update your application/config/constants.php file
The application/config/constants.php file has been updated to check if constants aren’t already defined before doing that, making it easier to add an environment-specific configuration.

Upgrading from 3.0.2 to 3.0.3

Step 2: Make sure your ‘base_url’ config value is not empty
When $config['base_url'] is not set, CodeIgniter tries to automatically detect what your website’s base URL is. This is done purely for convenience when you are starting development of a new application.

Auto-detection is never reliable and also has security implications, which is why you should always have it manually configured!

One of the changes in CodeIgniter 3.0.3 is how this auto-detection works, and more specifically it now falls back to the server’s IP address instead of the hostname requested by the client. Therefore, if you’ve ever relied on auto-detection, it will change how your website works now.

In case you need to allow e.g. multiple domains, or both http:// and https:// prefixes to be dynamically used depending on the request, remember that application/config/config.php is still a PHP script, in which you can create this logic with a few lines of code. For example:

$allowed_domains = array('domain1.tld', 'domain2.tld');
$default_domain  = 'domain1.tld';

if (in_array($_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'], $allowed_domains, TRUE))
       $domain = $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];
       $domain = $default_domain;

if ( ! empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']))
       $config['base_url'] = 'https://'.$domain;
       $config['base_url'] = 'http://'.$domain;

Upgrading from 3.0.5 to 3.0.6

Step 2: Update your index.php file (optional)
We’ve made some tweaks to the index.php file, mostly related to proper usage of directory separators (i.e. use the DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR constant instead of a hard coded forward slash “/”).

Nothing will break if you skip this step, but if you’re running Windows or just want to be up to date with every change - we do recommend that you update your index.php file.

Tip: Just copy the ``ENVIRONMENT``, ``$system_path``, ``$application_folder`` and ``$view_folder`` declarations from the old file and put them into the new one, replacing the defaults.

Step 3: Remove ‘prep_for_form’ usage (deprecation)
The Form Validation Library has a prep_for_form() method, which is/can also be used as a rule in set_rules() to automatically perform HTML encoding on input data.

Automatically encoding input (instead of output) data is a bad practice in the first place, and CodeIgniter and PHP itself offer other alternatives to this method anyway. For example, Form Helper functions will automatically perform HTML escaping when necessary.

Therefore, the prep_for_form method/rule is pretty much useless and is now deprecated and scheduled for removal in 3.1+.

Upgrading from 3.0.6 to 3.1.0

Step 2: Check your PHP version
We recommend always running versions that are currently supported, which right now is at least PHP 5.6.

PHP 5.2.x versions are now officially not supported by CodeIgniter, and while 5.3.7+ may be at least runnable, we strongly discourage you from using any PHP versions below the ones listed on the PHP.net Supported Versions page.

Step 3: If you’re using the ‘odbc’ database driver, check for usage of Query Builder
Query Builder functionality and escape() can no longer be used with the ‘odbc’ database driver.

This is because, due to its nature, the ODBC extension for PHP does not provide a function that allows to safely escape user-supplied strings for usage inside an SQL query (which our Query Builder relies on).

Thus, user inputs MUST be bound, as shown in Running Queries, under the “Query Bindings” section.

Upgrading from 3.1.1 to 3.1.2

Step 2: Update your “ci_sessions” database table
If you’re using the Session Library with the ‘database’ driver, you may have to ALTER your sessions table for your sessions to continue to work.


The table in question is not necessarily named “ci_sessions”. It is what you’ve set as your $config['sess_save_path'].

This will only affect you if you’ve changed your session.hash_function php.ini setting to something like ‘sha512’. Or if you’ve been running an older CodeIgniter version on PHP 7.1+.

It is recommended that you do this anyway, just to avoid potential issues in the future if you do change your configuration.

Just execute the one of the following SQL queries, depending on your database:

// MySQL:
ALTER TABLE ci_sessions CHANGE id id varchar(128) NOT NULL;

// PostgreSQL
ALTER TABLE ci_sessions ALTER COLUMN id SET DATA TYPE varchar(128);

Upgrading from 3.1.2 to 3.1.3

Step 2: Remove usage of nice_date() helper (deprecation)
The Date Helper function nice_date() is no longer useful since the introduction of PHP’s DateTime classes

You can replace it with the following:

DateTime::createFromFormat($input_format, $input_date)->format($desired_output_format);
Thus, nice_date() is now deprecated and scheduled for removal in CodeIgniter 3.2+.


The function is still available, but you’re strongly encouraged to remove its usage sooner rather than later.

Step 3: Remove usage of $config[‘standardize_newlines’]
The Input Library would optionally replace occurrences of rn, r, n in input data with whatever the PHP_EOL value is on your system - if you’ve set $config['standardize_newlines'] to TRUE in your application/config/config.php.

This functionality is now deprecated and scheduled for removal in CodeIgniter 3.2.+.

Upgrading from 3.1.5 to 3.1.6

Step 2: Remove usage of the APC Cache driver (deprecation)
The Cache Library APC driver is now deprecated, as the APC extension is effectively dead, as explained in its PHP Manual page.

If your application happens to be using it, you can switch to another cache driver, as APC support will be removed in a future CodeIgniter version.

Upgrading from 3.1.6 to 3.1.7

Step 2: Remove usage of CAPTCHA helper extra parameters (deprecation)
The CAPTCHA Helper function create_captcha() allows passing of its img_path, img_url and font_path options as the 2nd, 3rd and 4th parameters respectively.

This kind of usage is now deprecated and you should just pass the options in question as part of the first parameter array.

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