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[SOLVED] Update problem with foreign key

#1
Hi community.

During the development of a project I get an error which I cannot solve.

The error message is:
_______________________________________________________________
mysqli_sql_exeption #1452
Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails
____________________________________________________________________

The associated controller function:

PHP Code:
public function update($id)
    {
        $homegame $this->getHomegameOr404($id);

        $post $this->request->getPost();

        unset($post['user_id']);

        $homegame->fill($post);

        if(! $homegame->hasChanged()){
            
            
return redirect()->back()
                             ->with('warning',lang('App.messages.noupdate'))
                             ->withInput();
        }
        
        
if($this->homegame_model->save($homegame)) {

            return redirect()->to("/homegames/show/$id")
                             ->with('info'lang('App.messages.homegame_edited'));
        } else {
            return redirect()->back()
                             ->with('errors'$this->homegame_model->errors())
                             ->with('warning'lang('App.messages.invalid'))
                             ->withInput();
        }
    

The associated tables: (as images)
HOMEGAMES
[Image: table_structure_homegames.png]

USERS
[Image: table_structure_user.png]

How to solve this error ? Any hints ?

Greetings

Kigh...
Reply

#2
this rest full cotroller  look at code 

controller 
PHP Code:
<?php

namespace App\Controllers\Api;

use 
App\Entities\NewsPostEntity;
use 
App\Libraries\ParameterDataInput;
use 
CodeIgniter\HTTP\ResponseInterface;
use \
App\Models\NewsPostModal;

class 
NewsPost extends ApiController
{


    /**
     * index function
     * @method : GET
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();


        $parameterDataInput = new ParameterDataInput();

        $parameterDataInput->receiveParameters();

        $result $newsPostModel->select('news_post.*,news_category.name_en as category_name_en,news_category.name_fa as category_name_fa,news_sub_category.name_en as sub_category_name_en,news_sub_category.name_fa as sub_category_name_fa,users.username ,users.first_name, users.last_name')->join('news_category''news_category.id = news_post.category_id''left')
            ->join('news_sub_category''news_sub_category.id = news_post.sub_category_id''left')
            ->join('users''users.id = news_post.user_id''left')
            ->like('news_post.' $parameterDataInput->getFilterExplode('key'), $parameterDataInput->getFilterExplode('value'))->orderBy($parameterDataInput->getSortExplode('key'), $parameterDataInput->getSortExplode('value'))->paginate(10'default'$parameterDataInput->getPage());

        return $this->respond([
            'data' => $result,
            'pager' => $newsPostModel->pager->getDetails()
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'get all  news post');


    }

    /**
     * show function
     * @method : GET with params ID
     */
    public function show($id null)
    {

        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();


        $result $newsPostModel->select('news_post.*,news_category.name_en as category_name_en,news_category.name_fa as category_name_fa,news_sub_category.name_en as sub_category_name_en,news_sub_category.name_fa as sub_category_name_fa,users.username ,users.first_name, users.last_name')
            ->join('news_category''news_category.id = news_post.category_id''left')
            ->join('news_sub_category''news_sub_category.id = news_post.sub_category_id''left')
            ->join('users''users.id = news_post.user_id''left')
            ->where('news_post.id'$id)->paginate(1'default');

        return $this->respond([

            'data' => $result,
            'pager' => $newsPostModel->pager->getDetails()
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'get  news post information');


    }

    /**
     * create function
     * @method : POST
     */
    public function create()
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();
        $newsPostEntity = new NewsPostEntity();
        if ($this->request->getJSON()) {


            $rules = [
                'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'body_en' => 'required',
                'body_fa' => 'required',
                'category_id' => 'required',
                'sub_category_id' => 'required',

            ];

            if (!$this->validate($rules)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE'error during news post validate ');

            };

            $newsPostEntity->user_id $this->userId;
            $newsPostEntity->sub_category_id $this->request->getJSON()->sub_category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->category_id $this->request->getJSON()->category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->title_fa $this->request->getJSON()->title_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->title_en $this->request->getJSON()->title_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_en $this->request->getJSON()->body_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_fa $this->request->getJSON()->body_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->disableStatus();
            $newsPostEntity->createdAt();
            $newsPostEntity->initPicture();

            if (!$newsPostModel->save($newsPostEntity)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $newsPostModel->errors(),
                    'success' => false,
                ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_BAD_REQUEST' cant save   news post  ');

            }

            return $this->respond([
                'data' => ''
            ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_CREATED' news post save successfully ');
        }


    }

    /**
     * update function
     * @method : PUT or PATCH
     */
    public function update($id null)
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();
        $newsPostEntity = new NewsPostEntity();
        if ($this->request->getJSON()) {
            //get request from Vue Js
            $json $this->request->getJSON();
            if (!isset($id)) {
                $id $json->id;
            }


            $rules = [
                'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'body_en' => 'required',
                'body_fa' => 'required',
                'category_id' => 'required',
                'sub_category_id' => 'required',
                'picture' => 'required',
                'status' => 'required',

            ];

            if (!$this->validate($rules)) {
                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE'error during edit  news post validate ');

            }

            $newsPost $newsPostModel->where('id'$id)->first();


            if (is_null($newsPost)) {


                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_FOUND'  news post  did not exist ');

            }


            $newsPostEntity->user_id $this->userId;
            $newsPostEntity->category_id $this->request->getJSON()->category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->sub_category_id $this->request->getJSON()->sub_category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->title_fa $this->request->getJSON()->title_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->title_en $this->request->getJSON()->title_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_en $this->request->getJSON()->body_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_fa $this->request->getJSON()->body_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->status $this->request->getJSON()->status;
            $newsPostEntity->picture $this->request->getJSON()->picture;
            $newsPostEntity->updatedAt();

            if (!$newsPostModel->update($id$newsPostEntity)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $newsPostModel->errors(),
                    'success' => false,
                ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_BAD_REQUEST'error news post   ');

            }

            return $this->respond([
            ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'  news  post information updated ');
        }


    }

    /**
     * edit function
     * @method : DELETE with params ID
     */
    public function delete($id null)
    {


        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();



        $isExist $newsPostModel->find($id);
        if ($isExist) {
            $newsPostModel->delete($id);


        }
        return $this->respond([
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK' news post delete it');


    }



model 

PHP Code:
<?php namespace App\Models;

use 
App\Entities\NewsPostEntity;
use 
CodeIgniter\Model;

class 
NewsPostModal extends Model
{
    protected $table 'news_post';
    protected $primaryKey 'id';
    protected $returnType NewsPostEntity::class;
    protected $allowedFields = [
        'sub_category_id',
        'category_id',
        'picture',
        'user_id',
        'title_en',
        'title_fa',
        'body_en',
        'body_fa',
        'status',
        'created_at',
        'updated_at',
        'deleted_at'
    ];

    protected $useSoftDeletes false;
    protected $useTimestamps true;
    protected $createdField 'created_at';
    protected $updatedField 'updated_at';
    protected $deletedField 'deleted_at';
    protected $validationRules = [
        'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'picture' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'body_en' => 'required',
        'body_fa' => 'required',
    ];
    protected $validationMessages = [];
    protected $skipValidation false;






entity 

PHP Code:
<?php namespace App\Entities;

use \
CodeIgniter\Entity;
use 
CodeIgniter\I18n\Time;

class  NewsPostEntity extends Entity
{

    public function __construct(array $data null)
    {
        parent::__construct($data);

    }

    protected $id;
    protected $sub_category_id;
    protected $category_id;
    protected $user_id;
    protected $title_en;
    protected $picture;
    protected $title_fa;
    protected $body_en;
    protected $body_fa;

    protected $status;
    protected $created_at;
    protected $updated_at;
    protected $deleted_at;


    protected $attributes = [
        'id' => null,
        'sub_category_id' => null,
        'category_id' => null,
        'user_id' => null,
        'title_en' => null,
        'title_fa' => null,
        'body_en' => null,
        'body_fa' => null,
        'status' => null,
        'picture' => null,
        'created_at' => null,
        'updated_at' => null,
        'deleted_at' => null,
    ];
    protected $datamap = [
    ];

    protected $dates = ['created_at''updated_at''deleted_at'];

    protected $casts = [
        'status' => 'boolean',
    ];

    protected $permissions = [];

    protected $roles = [];

    public function disableStatus()
    {
        $this->attributes['status'] = 0;
        return $this;

    }

    public function enableStatus()
    {
        $this->attributes['status'] = 1;

        return $this;
    }

    public function isStatus(): bool
    
{
        return isset($this->attributes['status']) && $this->attributes['status'] == true;
    }

    public function createdAt()
    {

        //    date_default_timezone_set('Asia/Tehran');
        $this->attributes['created_at'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s'time());
        // $this->attributes['created_at'] = new  Time(date('Y-m-d H:i:s', time()), 'UTC');
        return $this;
    }

    public function updatedAt()
    {

        // date_default_timezone_set('Asia/Tehran');
        $this->attributes['updated_at'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s'time());

        return $this;
    }


    public function initPicture()
    {
        $this->attributes['picture'] = 'copy image link here!';
        return $this;

    }


    public function editPicture()
    {


        $this->attributes['picture'] = 'public/upload/news/thumbnail' $this->attributes['picture'];

        return $this;
    }


Reply

#3
(02-07-2021, 10:04 AM)paliz Wrote: this rest full cotroller  look at code 

controller 
PHP Code:
<?php

namespace App\Controllers\Api;

use 
App\Entities\NewsPostEntity;
use 
App\Libraries\ParameterDataInput;
use 
CodeIgniter\HTTP\ResponseInterface;
use \
App\Models\NewsPostModal;

class 
NewsPost extends ApiController
{


    /**
     * index function
     * @method : GET
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();


        $parameterDataInput = new ParameterDataInput();

        $parameterDataInput->receiveParameters();

        $result $newsPostModel->select('news_post.*,news_category.name_en as category_name_en,news_category.name_fa as category_name_fa,news_sub_category.name_en as sub_category_name_en,news_sub_category.name_fa as sub_category_name_fa,users.username ,users.first_name, users.last_name')->join('news_category''news_category.id = news_post.category_id''left')
            ->join('news_sub_category''news_sub_category.id = news_post.sub_category_id''left')
            ->join('users''users.id = news_post.user_id''left')
            ->like('news_post.' $parameterDataInput->getFilterExplode('key'), $parameterDataInput->getFilterExplode('value'))->orderBy($parameterDataInput->getSortExplode('key'), $parameterDataInput->getSortExplode('value'))->paginate(10'default'$parameterDataInput->getPage());

        return $this->respond([
            'data' => $result,
            'pager' => $newsPostModel->pager->getDetails()
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'get all  news post');


    }

    /**
     * show function
     * @method : GET with params ID
     */
    public function show($id null)
    {

        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();


        $result $newsPostModel->select('news_post.*,news_category.name_en as category_name_en,news_category.name_fa as category_name_fa,news_sub_category.name_en as sub_category_name_en,news_sub_category.name_fa as sub_category_name_fa,users.username ,users.first_name, users.last_name')
            ->join('news_category''news_category.id = news_post.category_id''left')
            ->join('news_sub_category''news_sub_category.id = news_post.sub_category_id''left')
            ->join('users''users.id = news_post.user_id''left')
            ->where('news_post.id'$id)->paginate(1'default');

        return $this->respond([

            'data' => $result,
            'pager' => $newsPostModel->pager->getDetails()
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'get  news post information');


    }

    /**
     * create function
     * @method : POST
     */
    public function create()
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();
        $newsPostEntity = new NewsPostEntity();
        if ($this->request->getJSON()) {


            $rules = [
                'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'body_en' => 'required',
                'body_fa' => 'required',
                'category_id' => 'required',
                'sub_category_id' => 'required',

            ];

            if (!$this->validate($rules)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE'error during news post validate ');

            };

            $newsPostEntity->user_id $this->userId;
            $newsPostEntity->sub_category_id $this->request->getJSON()->sub_category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->category_id $this->request->getJSON()->category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->title_fa $this->request->getJSON()->title_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->title_en $this->request->getJSON()->title_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_en $this->request->getJSON()->body_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_fa $this->request->getJSON()->body_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->disableStatus();
            $newsPostEntity->createdAt();
            $newsPostEntity->initPicture();

            if (!$newsPostModel->save($newsPostEntity)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $newsPostModel->errors(),
                    'success' => false,
                ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_BAD_REQUEST' cant save   news post  ');

            }

            return $this->respond([
                'data' => ''
            ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_CREATED' news post save successfully ');
        }


    }

    /**
     * update function
     * @method : PUT or PATCH
     */
    public function update($id null)
    {
        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();
        $newsPostEntity = new NewsPostEntity();
        if ($this->request->getJSON()) {
            //get request from Vue Js
            $json $this->request->getJSON();
            if (!isset($id)) {
                $id $json->id;
            }


            $rules = [
                'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
                'body_en' => 'required',
                'body_fa' => 'required',
                'category_id' => 'required',
                'sub_category_id' => 'required',
                'picture' => 'required',
                'status' => 'required',

            ];

            if (!$this->validate($rules)) {
                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE'error during edit  news post validate ');

            }

            $newsPost $newsPostModel->where('id'$id)->first();


            if (is_null($newsPost)) {


                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $this->validator->getErrors(),
                    'success' => false
                
], ResponseInterface::HTTP_NOT_FOUND'  news post  did not exist ');

            }


            $newsPostEntity->user_id $this->userId;
            $newsPostEntity->category_id $this->request->getJSON()->category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->sub_category_id $this->request->getJSON()->sub_category_id;
            $newsPostEntity->title_fa $this->request->getJSON()->title_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->title_en $this->request->getJSON()->title_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_en $this->request->getJSON()->body_en;
            $newsPostEntity->body_fa $this->request->getJSON()->body_fa;
            $newsPostEntity->status $this->request->getJSON()->status;
            $newsPostEntity->picture $this->request->getJSON()->picture;
            $newsPostEntity->updatedAt();

            if (!$newsPostModel->update($id$newsPostEntity)) {

                return $this->respond([
                    'error' => $newsPostModel->errors(),
                    'success' => false,
                ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_BAD_REQUEST'error news post   ');

            }

            return $this->respond([
            ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK'  news  post information updated ');
        }


    }

    /**
     * edit function
     * @method : DELETE with params ID
     */
    public function delete($id null)
    {


        $newsPostModel = new NewsPostModal();



        $isExist $newsPostModel->find($id);
        if ($isExist) {
            $newsPostModel->delete($id);


        }
        return $this->respond([
        ], ResponseInterface::HTTP_OK' news post delete it');


    }



model 

PHP Code:
<?php namespace App\Models;

use 
App\Entities\NewsPostEntity;
use 
CodeIgniter\Model;

class 
NewsPostModal extends Model
{
    protected $table 'news_post';
    protected $primaryKey 'id';
    protected $returnType NewsPostEntity::class;
    protected $allowedFields = [
        'sub_category_id',
        'category_id',
        'picture',
        'user_id',
        'title_en',
        'title_fa',
        'body_en',
        'body_fa',
        'status',
        'created_at',
        'updated_at',
        'deleted_at'
    ];

    protected $useSoftDeletes false;
    protected $useTimestamps true;
    protected $createdField 'created_at';
    protected $updatedField 'updated_at';
    protected $deletedField 'deleted_at';
    protected $validationRules = [
        'title_fa' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'title_en' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'picture' => 'required|min_length[3]|max_length[255]',
        'body_en' => 'required',
        'body_fa' => 'required',
    ];
    protected $validationMessages = [];
    protected $skipValidation false;






entity 

PHP Code:
<?php namespace App\Entities;

use \
CodeIgniter\Entity;
use 
CodeIgniter\I18n\Time;

class  NewsPostEntity extends Entity
{

    public function __construct(array $data null)
    {
        parent::__construct($data);

    }

    protected $id;
    protected $sub_category_id;
    protected $category_id;
    protected $user_id;
    protected $title_en;
    protected $picture;
    protected $title_fa;
    protected $body_en;
    protected $body_fa;

    protected $status;
    protected $created_at;
    protected $updated_at;
    protected $deleted_at;


    protected $attributes = [
        'id' => null,
        'sub_category_id' => null,
        'category_id' => null,
        'user_id' => null,
        'title_en' => null,
        'title_fa' => null,
        'body_en' => null,
        'body_fa' => null,
        'status' => null,
        'picture' => null,
        'created_at' => null,
        'updated_at' => null,
        'deleted_at' => null,
    ];
    protected $datamap = [
    ];

    protected $dates = ['created_at''updated_at''deleted_at'];

    protected $casts = [
        'status' => 'boolean',
    ];

    protected $permissions = [];

    protected $roles = [];

    public function disableStatus()
    {
        $this->attributes['status'] = 0;
        return $this;

    }

    public function enableStatus()
    {
        $this->attributes['status'] = 1;

        return $this;
    }

    public function isStatus(): bool
    
{
        return isset($this->attributes['status']) && $this->attributes['status'] == true;
    }

    public function createdAt()
    {

        //    date_default_timezone_set('Asia/Tehran');
        $this->attributes['created_at'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s'time());
        // $this->attributes['created_at'] = new  Time(date('Y-m-d H:i:s', time()), 'UTC');
        return $this;
    }

    public function updatedAt()
    {

        // date_default_timezone_set('Asia/Tehran');
        $this->attributes['updated_at'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s'time());

        return $this;
    }


    public function initPicture()
    {
        $this->attributes['picture'] = 'copy image link here!';
        return $this;

    }


    public function editPicture()
    {


        $this->attributes['picture'] = 'public/upload/news/thumbnail' $this->attributes['picture'];

        return $this;
    }



Unfortunately, I don't see the connection between your posting and my problem ...

But I have solved it:

I set the assignment of the "Foreign Key" in the wrong place. I just had to put it in the other table and just put an index on the column in the reference table.
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